Parallel Sessions III

Tuesday 6th November at 14:00-15:30

24. SPORTS AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY OF CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE

House of Science and Letters, Hall 104
Chair: Päivi Berg (Finnish Youth Research Network)

Despite of the general decrease of physical activity, sports activities are still most popular leisure activities of children and young people. In this working group we will discuss about phenomena relating to the physical activity and sports of children and young people such as aspirations to health promotion, social relations and themes around upbringing, education, equity and equality. All presentations from different disciplines and from development projects to research are warmly welcome. Working group is arranged by the joint-project of Finnish Youth Research Network and LIKES Research Centre for Physical Activity and Health From the fields to the cabinets of power – and vice versa: a cross-section on civic engagement in sport and exercise and PREACT - Promoting equal access and tackling discrimination against gender and sexual minorities in sport and physical education -project of University of Jyväskylä.

  • Marja Kokkonen & Anna Kavoura & Jukka Lahti & Päivi Berg: Gender Issues within Sport and Physical Activity for Children and Youth: Introducing the PREACT project
  • Outi Aarresola & Kaisu Mononen & Maarit Nieminen: Combining sports and school – what is there for well-being?
  • Marlene Persson & Kari Stefansen: Sport dropout during adolescence: What can an open-ended survey question approach teach us about the phenomenon?
  • Anders Bakken & Patrick Lie Andersen: Municipal-level differences in club-organized sport participation among adolescents in Norway: Results from the Ungdata study

 

25. COMING OF AGE WITH HIPHOP

Finnish Literature Society
Chair: Venla Sykäri (University of Helsinki)

Hiphop culture reached Finland in 1983-1984, and has ever since the first generation attracted young people to perform and create skills and communities within the four elements of graffiti, break-dance, deejaying and rap. Today, each of these element, most visibly rap, provides a distinguished area for self-expression as well as communicative and artistic practice, in both peer-cultures and professional domains. Hiphop was born as a youth arts movement among disadvantaged youth of colour in the U.S. urban neighbourhoods, and much of the original sense of locality and solidarity is reflected in the practices created in the Finnish welfare state as well. Nevertheless, the key to hiphop culture lies in understanding performance as the channel and locus for action, identity building and messages. In this panel, our goal is to look at the trajectories of the “elder” generations of Finnish hiphop. We focus on how their activities within the emergent youth art forms and the participation in the close-knit communities have become meaningful for their coming of age, as well as how their input in the field impacts new, younger practitioners. We particularly elaborate on how hiphop and rap have enabled the construction of one’s identity and world view, and how knowledge, skills, and ideology is disseminated further through performance. In our data, individual and collective experiences are voiced and shared in recorded rap lyrics as well as in local narratives and performative practices that recreate the sense of community again and again.

  • Carlo Genova: Leaving traces. Skateboarders and graffiti writers using, wearing out and thinking about urban space
  • Annukka Saaristo: Rap as socio-spatial connection
  • Dragana Cvetanović: Blooming Asa – from leftist rapping to family rhyming
  • Venla Sykäri: Yes, I'm better than you, sonny, but after this battle sure I can be your buddy - A peer-community born on the battle field

 

26. YOUNG REFUGEES AND MIGRATION "CRISIS"

House of Science and Letters, Hall 309
Chair: Veronika Honkasalo (Finnish Youth Research Network)

  • Anna Lund: Youth and the temporal modes of integration
  • Malte Behrendt: Settling in Belgium. Unaccompanied refugee minors and how experiences before, during and after flight impact their psychological well-being
  • Maria Petäjäniemi & Iida Kauhanen: ”It’s like talking to a wall: A wall also hears but does not listen” – Thoughts on methodology in research with young asylum seekers

 

27. RESEARCHING THE YOUTH WORLD: WHAT ABOUT ITS SOCIAL STRUCTURE?

House of Science and Letters, Hall 312
Chair: Greetje Timmerman (University of Groningen)

Over the past three decades, youth research has tried to understand the social world of youth by studying youth cultures, in particular as sources of well-being. However, the focus on youth cultures prevents us from getting a more complete understanding of the social world of youth. An essential element of the social world of youth, of everyday youth life, is also – what the Dutch sociologist Van Hessen called – its social structure. Structural features of the social world of youth refer to the forms and criteria of organisation of different youth groups, e.g. on the grounds of age-boundaries and gender. But also the meeting places, in public or private, and the social situations where young people meet, are part of the structure of the youth world. We would like to stress the relevance of exploring this sub-structure, because researchers are inclined to overlook it. We tend to see mainly the cultural manifestations – tastes in music, appearances, media use, fashions and consumer patterns – in short, the ‘youth subculture’. However, what we see are cultural variations on a pattern, a structural pattern. In the first presentation of this session we will address the value of this youth sociological perspective theoretically and in the following two presentations we will provide two examples of our empirical research into some structural features of the youth world. By exploring this structural pattern of the youth world in three generations we aim to discover whether this youth world is the same or different over the generations.

  • Greetje Timmerman: ‘Being-young-together’: an innovative perspective in youth sociology
  • A.F. Kievitsbosch: Exploring the structural pattern of the youth world in three generations
  • P.R. Schreuder: Meet and greet in the youth world
  • Stefaan Pleysier: Ethical and deontological issues in research with children and young people

 

28. YOUTH MOBILITY AND GEOGRAPHIC INEQUALITY

House of Science and Letters, Hall 313
Chair: Tarja Pääjoki (University of the Arts Helsinki/CERADA) & Sofia Laine (Finnish Youth Research Network)

Young people’s national, European and global mobility for education, training, work and other reasons has been increasing the last decades. Different European and national programs support young people’s mobility. In this session European Union’s Erasmus programme as well as Finnish Cultural Foundations Art Testers initiative are analysed through interviewing and observing young people’s mobility experiences. This leads to questions related to geographical (un)equality that will be analysed from the perspective of rural youth in Finland and Kenya. How geographical and social equality are intertwined in global north and global south?

  • Airi-Alina Allaste: What does mobility mean for young people and EU?
  • Tarja Pääjoki & Maaria Hartman & Sofia Laine & Tomi Kiilakoski: Taidetestaajat -retki. Koulun taidevierailun kokemukselliset ulottuvuudet.
  • Jussi Ronkainen & Pekka Penttinen: Maakuntien nuoret – palveluiden paitsiossa vai paalupaikalla?

 

29. RE-FRAMING YOUTH AFFILIATIONS - THE POSSIBILITES OF EDUCATION, YOUTH WORK AND YOUTH JUSTICE FOR WELL-BEING

House of Science and Letters, Hall 401
Chair: Frances Howard (Nottingham Trent University)

There is a long history of defining youth as a distinct social group with its own identity and sense of belonging (Cohen 2002, Shildrick & MacDonald 2006, Hodkinson 2007). Research has demonstrated that young people frequently and effortlessly move between different groupings and identities: as school pupils, youth project participants and gang members, in a form of neo-tribalism (Maffesoli 1996). Often through encounters with education, youth work and youth justice, negative labels have placed on young people by these institutions, however these temporary group affiliations can have positive outcomes for well-being. In this symposium we bring together three pieces of research that celebrate the potential and possibilities of young people, in the face of deficit policy-making and media discourse in the UK today:
(1) An education initiative that sought to explore the transition from primary to secondary school;
(2) A national vocational qualification – the Arts Award, accessed through Youth Work programmes;
(3) An exploration of youth violence from the perspective of young people.
Together these studies explore well-being through the notions of anxieties and anticipations in transition, the arts as personal development and freedom of speech on youth violence.

  • Helen Reed: Exploring anxieties and anticipations – a transition intervention by the Education Improvement Partnership
  • Frances Howard: Agency, Activism and Entrepreneurialism - ‘Dis-engaged’ young people’s experience the Arts Award through Youth Work programmes.
  • Shantéy Francis: Freedom of speech? Violence, Youth and Disguised voice
  • Ingunn Eriksen & Idunn Seland: Youth clubs: Arenas for well-being?

 

30. URBAN YOUTH CULTURAL SCENES IN A MUSLIM REGION OF RUSSIA: THE CASE OF DAGHESTAN

House of Science and Letters, Hall 404
Chair: Elena Omelchenko (Higher School of Economics, National Research University)

  • Elena Omelchenko: Anime and street workout youth cultural scenes in Makhachkala
  • Alina Mayboroda: “Move like a ninja”. Informal youth scene in Makhachkala:
    strategies and tactics of using public spaces
  • Omelchenko Dmitry: Sociological documentary. An experience of working with camera in the field.

 

31. NUORILLE SUUNNATTUJEN PALVELUJEN VAIKUTTAVUUS (2)

House of Science and Letters, Hall 405
Chari: Teemu Vauhkonen (Finnish Youth Research Network)

Vaikuttavuuden tutkimus on kasvava trendi julkishallinnossa. Työryhmä kokoaa yhteen nuorten palveluiden vaikuttavuuden tutkijoita. Vaikka nuorten palvelujen vaikuttavuuden tutkimus on ennen muuta määrällistä tutkimusta, myös laadullinen tutkimus tuottaa kasautuvaa tietoa vaikuttavuuden mekanismeista. Määrällisesti vaikuttavuutta voidaan tarkastella nuorten palvelujen omien tavoitteiden saavuttamisen tai pitkän aikavälin tarpeiden mukaan. Nuorten palvelujen omien tavoitteiden saavuttamista voidaan mitata esimerkiksi nuorten hyvinvoinnilla ja elämänhallinnalla tai nuorten saamalla avulla ja jatkotoimenpiteisiin ohjaamisella. Palvelujen pitkän aikavälin tavoitteiden saavuttamista voidaan puolestaan mitata niiden jälkeisinä mahdollisina työllistymis- ja opintopolkuina sekä suorina ja välillisinä muutoksina etuuksien ja palveluiden kysynnässä. Pitkän aikavälin vaikutusten mittaaminen edellyttää paneeliaineistoja. Kustannusvaikutusten mittaamisessa puolestaan pyritään mittaamaan palvelujen tuottamia kokonaissäästöjä pitkällä aikavälillä ja suhteuttamaan ne palvelujen kustannuksiin. Koska useimmiten palvelujen vaikuttavuutta mitataan toiminnan omien tavoitteiden saavuttamisella, aiheellinen kysymys on myös se, kuinka hyvin toiminnan omien tavoitteiden saavuttaminen ennustaa pitkän aikavälin tavoitteiden saavuttamista.

  • Taru Kulmalainen: Kasvatusorientaatiot lastensuojelun sijaishuollossa
  • Jenni Lahtinen: Kohtaamisia retkillä – lastenkotien retkitoiminnan tarkastelua osallisuuden ja yhteisöllisyyden näkökulmasta
  • Mari Pienimäki & Sirkku Kotilainen: Media Education for the Well-being and Inclusion of NEET Youth
  • Milla Ukkonen & Marjo Kolehmainen: Mun kotini on täällä – koti nuorisotyön monimerkityksellisenä toimintaympäristönä
  • Anton Schalin: Review of Youth Crime Studies

 

32. BREAKING THE NORMS, THE GENDER NORMS

University Main Building, Hall 19
Chair: Vanja Dergić (Institute of Social Sciences ´Ivo Pilar´)

This panel deals with how LGBTQ young activists face old and new obstacles to participate in the public sphere. In their fight against gender-based stigmatization, bulling and violence; young LGBTQ activists organize themselves along common values to protest and favor basic social justice. They engage in several activities, ranging from educational projects trough festivals to guaranteeing safe spaces; to better stress their legitimacy, gain visibility and push forward their agenda. Depending on different contexts and actors’ compositions, collective action takes different forms. Strong solidarities emerge; but also tensions, fragmentation and questioned consensus at both the activism and theoretical level. Often in situations where activists assume worrying security risks. All these issues, together with how activists assess the effectiveness of their goals, methods and actions, will be addressed in this panel. For example, how certain lines of conflict or the polarization of attitudes help to consolidate broader or more specific solidarities?

The research presented draws on a variety of qualitative and ethnography tools: in-depth interviews, peer research and participant observation; and it is supported by the international project «PROMISE: Promoting Youth Involvement and Social Engagement: Opportunities and challenges for ‘conflicted’ young people across Europe” (Horizon 2020, Grant Agreement number 693221).

  • Elena Onegina: Grassroots initiatives, conflicts and solidarities of LGBTQ scene of St.Petersburg
  • Vanja Dergić: Conflicts and stigmatisation young LGBTIQ people face in Croatia: ethnographic case study on Zagreb Pride LGBTIQ NGO
  • Olga Senkova: Youth Feminist Solidarities in St. Petersburg, Russia
  • Alena Kravtcova & Yana Krupets: New pro-citizen activities of young Petersburgers for ‘public morals and order’
  • Nadya Nartova: Between Scylla and Charybdis: the youth activism in modern Russia

 

33. HYVÄ, PAREMPI OHJAUS - OHJAAMOJEN KEHITTYVÄT KÄYTÄNNÖT (2)

University Building Aurora, Hall 117
Chair: Mirja Määttä (Kohtaamo, ELY), Jaakko Helander (Häme University of Applied Sciences) & Päivi Pukkila (Häme University of Applied Sciences)

Työryhmän esityksissä korostuu hyvän ohjauksen teema, oli se sitten monialaista, kuntouttavaa, nuoren tilannetta kartoittavaa tai kulttuurisensitiivistä ohjausta. Niissä korostuu myös nuorten näkökulmien esille nostaminen, hyvä ohjaushan määritellään usein nuorilähtöiseksi, nuoria kuuntelevaksi ja osallisuutta tarjoavaksi. Onko Ohjaamoissa kehittynyt uudenlaista ohjausotetta? Mikä siinä on toimivaa, mitä pitäisi huomioida jatkossa? Mitä nuoret Ohjaamolta odottavat?

  • Tiina Ikonen & Taru Lilja & Päivi Pukkila & Soili Rinne: Kulttuurisensitiivinen saavutettavuus Ohjaamojen ohjaustyössä
  • Mirja Määttä: Mistä kaikesta Ohjaamo voisi olla keissi?
  • Juan García-Fuentes: Vulnerable transitions of young neets: broken trajectories of the educational system to the labor market.
  • Piia-Elina Ikonen & Alisa Tuychkalova: Jatkoväyläopinnot – sujuvasti ammatillisesta koulutuksesta ammattikorkeakouluun!

 

34. PERFORMING EMOTIONS

Kaisa House, University Main Library, Meeting room 2024
Chair: Helena Helve (University of Tampere)

This session gives a very broad picture about youth emotions and feelings, which play an important role in the construction of young people´s thoughts and identity formation. The four papers of this session analyse from the theoretical perspectives of cultural sociology, existential-phenomology and historical research about young people´s friendship and peer relations, the meaning of love at different times and in different social environments, the social fears among young adults, and about drama exercises in working with special groups of young people. The methodologies and data collection used include video recordings, interviews and traditional field observations, autobiographical writings, qualitative e-form and questionnaires.

  • Lina Lundström: Performing Friendship
  • Ilona Hoikkala: Young people’s love experiences
  • Heta Yli-Länttä: Significant situations related to young adults´ social fears
  • Marko Manninen & Päivi Känkänen: The theatre comes into the child welfare unit

 

35.  JULKISTUSTILAISUUS: MITEN TUTKIA NUORIA JA NUORISOTYÖTÄ?

University Main Building, Auditorium XII (3032)
Tomi Kiilakoski & Päivi Honkatukia (toim.), Vastapaino & Nuorisotutkimusseura/Nuorisotutkimusverkosto 2018.

This book publishing event is in Finnish only.

Tilaisuudessa julkaistava teos kokoaa ensi kertaa yhteen keskeisimmät tutkimusmenetelmät, joiden avulla nuoria ja nuorisotyötä on tutkittu Suomessa. Näin teos osaltaan paikantaa nuorisotutkimuksen asemaa suomalaisessa tiedekentässä. Kirjaan on kirjoittanut laaja joukko nuorisotutkimuksen ja nuorisotyön tutkimuksen ansioituneita tutkijoita, jotka edustavat eri tieteenaloja ja lähestymistapoja. Teos esittelee tutkimusprosessin eri vaiheita tutkimuskysymysten asettamisesta aina tutkimustulosten julkistamiseen. Kirja tarjoaa välineitä lukea, ymmärtää ja arvioida tutkimustietoa. Tilaisuudessa kirjaa esittelevät ja siitä keskustelevat sen toinen toimittaja, nuorisotutkimuksen professori Päivi Honkatukia sekä kirjaan kirjoittaneet VTM, FM (väit.) Riikka Taavetti ja tutkimusprofessori Tommi Hoikkala.